List of Wildlife Sanctuaries in Tamil Nadu
About one-sixth of the total landmass of Tamil Nadu is covered under forest area. The state ranks 11th amidst the Indian Union Territories and States in terms of total forest cover and 13th with respect to total recorded forest area. The latest survey records 22,877 km² area under forest cover, which constitute to 17.59% of the total geographic area of the state. Tamil Nadu features 8 Wildlife Sanctuaries (2, 82,685.57 ha), 5 Wildlife National Parks (30,784.23 ha), 12 Bird Sanctuaries (17,074.59 ha), 4 Elephant Reserves, 3 Tiger Reserves, and 3 Biosphere Reserves.
Here is a small list of wildlife sanctuaries and national parks in Tamil Nadu, which represent the rich flora and fauna in the state:
Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary And National Park
Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary And National Park is a must visit and the rich flora and fauna attracts wildlife enthusiast and nature lovers from all across the world. Various perennial rivers originating from the sanctuary feed major water reservoirs, such as Parambikulam, Thirumurthi, Kadambarai, Amaravathi, Aliyar, Upper Aliyar, and Sholayar. The sanctuary also provides shelter to various tribal communities such as Malasar, Muduvar, Eravalar, Kadar, Malai Malasar, and Pulayar. These tribal communities participate in the management Antipoaching Watchers and Forest Watchers.
- Area: 958 sq km (370 sq mi)
- Address: Anamalai R.F., Tamil Nadu 642101
- Tigers: 34 (According to last survey)
- Forest Types: wet evergreen forest and semi-evergreen forest, montane shola-grassland, moist deciduous, dry deciduous, thorn forests and marshes
- Flora: Mesua Ferrea, Vateria Indica, Mangifera Indica, Alstonia Scholaris, Podocarpus Wallichianus, Hopea Parviflora, Calophyllum Tomentosum, Cullenia Excelsa, Machilus Macrantha, Evodia Meliaefolia,
- Fauna: Tiger, Jungle cat, Black naped Indian Hare, Grey musk shrew, Indian Pangolin, Spot-billied Eagle, Crested Gohawk, Jerdon’s Baza, Peregrine Falcon, Grey Jungle fowl, Red Spurfowl, Malabar Grey Hornbill, King Cobra, Saw-scaled viper, Leopard, Wild Dog (Dhole), Leopard-cat, Flying squirrel, Bandicoot Rat, Draco or Flying lizard, Common Krait , Russels viper.
- Best Time to Visit: December to April
Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary
Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary, established in 1967, is one of the best Wildlife Tour Packages in Tamil Nadu. This sanctuary was for conservation of an endemic and endangered species of India, Blackbuck. The exotic flora and fauna attracts tourists to visit the sanctuary and live their love for animals. Moreover, this sanctuary is also a favorite destination for bird lovers as they could spot beautiful native and migratory birds in their natural habitat.
- Area: 21.47 sq km (8.29 sq mi)
- Address: Point Calimere WLS, Collectorate, Nagapattinam 611 002, District Nagapattinam,
- Forest Types: Grasslands and Tropical dry evergreen forests
- Flora: Manikara Hexandra (Palai), Prosopid Juliflora, Memecylon Umbellatum.
- Fauna: Spotted Deer, Civet, Blacknaped Hare, Terns, Storks, Great Cormorant, Purple Heron, Eurasian Spoonbill, Red-Crested Curlew, Jackal, Wild Boar, Bonnet Macaque, Common Indian Mongoose, Grey Heron, Western Reef Egret, Northern Shoveler, Spoon-Billed Sandpiper.
- Best Time to Visit: November to April
Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary
Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary is a treat for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers. The rich flora and fauna attract visitors from all parts of the globe. Thus, the pleasant climatic condition throughout the year also plays a crucial role in heavy footfall all round the year. The national park is also a favorite destination for bird watchers as they could spot numerous native and migratory birds.
- Area: 402.4 sq km (155.4 sq mi)
- Address: 175, College Road, Municipality Campus, Nagercoil 629 001
- Forest Types: Tropical Wet Evergreen forests to Southern Thorn Scrub forests
- Flora: Hill Arecanut, Poanaca Docksonii, Arenga Wightii
- Fauna: Bonnet Macaque, Nilgiri Langur, Tiger, Jungle Cat, Mangoose, Indian Fox, Sloth Bear, Large Brown Flying Squirrel, Indian Gaint Squirrel, Mouse Deer, Pangolin Common Langur, Slender Loris, Leopard, Small Indian Civet, Jackal, Dhole, Flying Fox, Indian Porcupine, Indian Elephant, Nilgiri Tahr, Barking Deer, Wild Boar.
- Best Time to Visit: Throughout the year
Mukurthi National Park
In the list of National Parks in Tamil Nadu, Mukurthi National Park is one of the finest to visit. The national park provides shelter to versions endangered and conserved animal species. Along with spotting animals, the visitors also get the opportunity to spot beautiful migratory and native birds. This national park is also an ideal getaway from Ooty (45 km). Read More
- Area: 78.46 sq km (30.29 sq mi)
- Address: Mount Stuart Hill, Ooty – 643001, The Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, India
- Flora: Syzygium Calophyllifolium, Cinnamomum Wightii, Oberonia Santapaui, Aerides Crispa, Daphiphyllum Neilgherrense, Orchids Eria Abliflora, Aerides Ringens.
- Fauna: Leopard, Sambar Deer, Malabar Spiny Dormouse, Olivaceaous Keelback, Blue Admiral, Indian Fritillary, Bonnet Macaque, Barking Deer, Horseshoe Pit Viper, Oligodon Taeniolatus, Indian Red Admiral, Indian Cabbage White.
- Best Time to Visit: February to May and September to November
Guindy National Park
For visitors interested in wildlife photography in Tamil Nadu, Guindy National Park is the perfect destination. Being the smallest national park in the state, there is abundant to showcase for wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers. There are about 350 species of plants which include shrubs, herbs, climbers, and grasses, along with about 24 varieties of trees. The national park also features rich wildlife and a considerable number of migratory and native birds.
- Area: 2.70 sq km (1.04 sq mi)
- Address: 259 Anna Salai, DMS Compound, Teynampet, Chennai 600 006.
- Forest Types: dry evergreen scrub and thorn forest
- Flora: Neem, Atlantia Monophylla, Sugar-Apple, Wood-Apple.
- Fauna: Blackbuck, Jackal, Common Palm Civet, Hyena, Pangolin, Common Mongoose, Grey Partridge, Parrot, Paradise Fly-Catcher, Honey Buzzard, Eagle, Teals, Pochards, Lizards, Chameleons, Chital, Small Indian Civet, Bonnet Macaque, Hedgehog, Three-Striped Palm Squirrel, Crow Pheasant, Quail, Black-Winged Kite, Pariah Kite, Golden-Backed Woodpecker, Garganeys, Star Tortoise, Monitor Lizards.
- Best Time to Visit: Year Around
November 27, 2013 Wednesday at 11:56 am